FSS-DCOM Guest Lecture: "Navigating coercion in Portuguese parliament and media: Discursive strategies to cope with external intervention by the EU-Troika under the economic crisis (2011-2014)" by Dr. Hanna Rautajoki
Seminar / Lecture
Department of Communication, Faculty of Social Sciences
Dr. Hanna Rautajoki
02 May 2019
13:00 - 14:00
E21B-2001, Humanities and Social Sciences Building
This paper is part of my postdoctoral research project 'European solidarities in turmoil' (Academy of Finland, 2018-2021) which studies the relevance of identifications, interrelations and normative expectations in political persuasion in decision-making within the EU. The research, grounded in the traditions of ethnomethodology, discursive institutionalism and epistemic governance, seeks to explicate the local sense-making processes of political actors. In this presentation I will show, how the leaders of a sovereign nation-state cope with coercion exerted on them by the EU-Troika, an external source which is mandated to dictate national policies in exchange for financial aid under severe economic crisis. This kind of coercive setting challenges the values of sovereignty and integrity in a parlamentarian nation state. The analysis examines how national actors manage the setting without jeopardizing their responsibility. The paper approaches this question by analysing two diverse arenas: parliamentary debates and public accounts by political leaders in the media. The study evidences a variation in strategies to manage coercion: the politicians deploy both depoliticization and relativization in their talk. While discourses of depoliticization are frequent in the media, in parliamentary debates the predominant strategy is to emphasize the aspect of agency. Both strategies serve to portray responsibility in the face of external intervention, but in different communicative environments political leaders address different recipients and thus use different rhetorical tools to guard their institutional appearance and legitimacy. Our findings highlight the interactive and reciprocal nature of political action and change and in the contemporary world.
Hanna Rautajoki runs a postdoctoral project ‘European Solidarities in Turmoil’ (Academy of Finland 2018 - 2021) at the Tampere University, at the Research Centre for Knowledge, Science, Technology and Innovation Studies (TaSTI). She has done her PhD in sociology (2014) on the strategies of societization in political discussions, investigating the tools for community building and actor identifications in political discourse. Her expertise is in the ethnomethodological studies of institutional interaction, moral discourse and membership categorization analysis. Rautajoki has extensive experience in interdisciplinary collaboration, ranging across a variety of fields from political science to media studies, public health, psychology and literature studies. In her current project, she analyzes the relational scaffolding of epistemic work in political rhetoric.
FAH-DHIST Guest Lecture: Early Buddhist Inscriptions in China: An Introduction with Case Studies
Seminar / Lecture
Department of History
Prof. Minku Kim
02 May 2019
E21-G016, Humanities and Social Sciences Building
Buddhism, a religion derived in the Indian Subcontinent and adjacent regions in Central, began to flourish in China as early as the Eastern Han period (25-220 CE). In the following centuries --traditionally dubbed as the Six Dynasties period (222-589) -- when China underwent a long and tumultuous stint of political upheavals, Buddhism made a phenomenal success to take its solid root in various aspects of Chinese life. Among several important cultural contributions made by Buddhism through this early existence in China, this talk focuses on the inscriptions, or words physically written on monuments. These monuments generally include devotional images as well as commemorative or dedicatory other objects such as steles and reliquaries. In terms of language, noteworthy are several cases, although archaeologically retrieved within China proper, written in such scripts other than Chinese as Kharoṣṭhī and Brāhmī. By drawing upon these few unique case studies, the presentation aims to arrive at a more comprehensive understanding about the major characteristics of Buddhist inscriptions in China, especially vis-à-vis their counterparts found in the pre-Buddhist period or in their homeland, i.e. India.