Spencer De LI
Professor & Associate Dean, FSS

Office: E21-4019
Telephone: (+853) 8822 8836
Email: SpencerLi@um.edu.mo

Academic Qualifications

Ph.D. in Sociology with specialization in Law and Crime, Department of Sociology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), USA, 1996.

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland at College Park, USA, 1998-2001.

Research Interests
Family and delinquency; crime prevention; corrections; substance abuse; criminal psychology; religion; violence; quantitative and qualitative research methods.

Research Grants

2015 - 2018

Principal Investigator, Macao Social Survey 2015-2017, funded by Research and Development Administration Office, University of Macau.


2014 - 2017

Principal Investigator, Family and Delinquency among Children of Migrant Workers in China: A Mixed Methods and Multidisciplinary Study, funded by Research and Development Administration Office, University of Macau.


2014 - 2015

Principal Investigator, Tracking Study of Students and Drugs in Macao 2014, funded by Social Welfare Bureau, Special Administrative Region of Macao, China.


2014 - 2016

Principal Investigator, The Social Context of Racial/Ethnic Identity, funded by Research and Development Administration Office, University of Macau

2011 - 2013

Principal Investigator, A Qualitative and Quantitative Study of Family Processes and Juvenile Delinquency in China, funded by Research and Development Administration Office, University of Macau.

2007 - 2009

Principal Investigator, Head Start Services, Parents’ Social Capital, and Parent Involvement, funded by Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services, U.S.A.

2005 - 2007

Principal Investigator, Religious Context of Parenting & Youth Drinking Behavior, funded by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Department of Health and Human Services, U.S.A.

Selected Publications

● Densley, J., Hilal, S., Li, S., & Tang, W. (2016). Homicide-suicide in China: An exploratory study of characteristics and types. Asian Journal of Criminology, 11(2). DOI 10.1007/s11417-016-9238-1.

Li, S., Zhang, X., Tang, W., Xia, Y., & Lin, J. (2016). The Problem and countermeasures of synthetic drug abuse among adolescents in Macao. Chinese Journal of Drug Dependence, 25(1), 69-76. (李德、張小華、唐偉、夏一巍、林建。澳門在學青少年合成毒品濫用問題及對策研究。《中國藥物依賴性雜誌》,第25期,69-76頁).

Li, S., Tang, W., Xia, Y., & Zhang, X. (2016). Ketamine abuse and related factors among Macao juveniles. Chinese Journal of Drug Dependence, 25(1), 124-131. (李德、唐偉、夏一巍、張小華。澳?青少年吸食氯胺酮的模式以及相? 因素。《中國藥物依賴性雜誌》,第25期,124-131頁).

Li, S., Liu, J., & Li, Z. (2015). Organizational characteristics and offending patterns of Chines drug trafficking groups. China Legal Science, 3(6), 49-70.

Li, S., Cai, T., Ma, Y., Zhang, X., Lin, J., Tang, W., Ye, J., & Xia, Y. (2015). Students and Drugs in Macao. Macao: University of Macau. (李德,2015。《澳門青少年與藥物》,澳門大學).

Li, S. (2014). Familial religiosity, family processes, and juvenile delinquency in a national sample of early adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence, 34(4), 436-462.

● Hilal, S., Densley, J., Li, S., & Ma, Y. (2014). The routine of mass murders in China. Homicide Studies, 18(1), 83-104.

Li, S. (2014). Toward a cost-effective correctional system: New developments in community-based corrections in China. Victims & Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice, 9(1), 120-125.

Li, S. (2013). Crime and the relationship between gambling and crime in Macao. Journal of Macau Studies, 2013(1), 127-137. (李德, 2013。澳門社會中的犯罪問題以及博彩與犯罪的關係。《澳門研究》, 2013年第1期,127-137頁 ).

Li, S. (2013). Crime and gambling in Macao. In L, Cao, I. Sun, & W. Hebenton (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Chinese Criminology (pp. 309-324). New York: Routledge.

● Luo, D., Li, S., & Zhao, G. (2012). Criminal Psychology. Beijing: Beijing Normal University Publishing Group (羅大華、李德、趙桂芬,2012。《犯罪心理學》,北京師範大學出版社).

Li, S., & Liu, J. (2012). Network analysis of demographic, socio-economic, and organizational characteristics of Chinese drug trafficking groups. In R. Thilagaraj, J. Liu, & S. Latha (Eds.), Crime and criminal justice in Asia (43-57). New Delhi: Mittal Publications.

Li, S. (2011). The religious context of parenting, family processes, and alcohol use in early adolescence. Journal of Drug Issues, 41(4).

Li, S. (2011). Testing mediation using multiple regression and structural modeling analyses in secondary data. Evaluation Review, 35, 240-268.

Li, S. (2005). Race, self-control, and drug problems among jail inmates. Journal of Drug Issues, 35, 645-663.

● Kleck, G., Server, B., Li, S., and Gertz, M. (2005). The missing link in general deterrence research. Criminology, 43, 623-660.

● MacKenzie, D., and Li, S. (2002). The impact of formal and informal control on criminal careers of probationers. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 39, 243-276.

● Li, D. (1999). Legal sanctions and youths’ status achievement: A longitudinal study. Justice Quarterly, 16, 377-402.

Courses Taught

Spring 2016  

Selected Topics in Advanced Sociological Research

SOCB353 Internship
Fall 2015  

Drugs and Crime

Fall 2014:  
CCJS700 Criminology and Criminal Justice
Spring 2014:  
CCJS707 Drugs and Crime
GRSC802 Research Writing
Fall 2013:  


Criminology and Criminal Justice

Spring 2013:  
PhD Seminar Research Designs and Methods in Social Sciences
PhD Seminar Research Ethics
PhD Seminar Research Writing
Fall 2012:  


Integrated Seminar

Spring 2012:  
PhD Seminar Practice of Scholarship in Social Sciences: Research Designs and Methods
Fall 2011:  
MSCR104 Criminology and Criminal Justice
MSCR123 Drugs and Crime

Professional Affiliations, Awards and Honors


President, Asian Association for Substance Abuse Research


Associate Editor, Journal of Drug Issues


Editorial Board Member, Victims and Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice

2006-Present Non-resident Fellow, Baylor Institute for Studies of Religion, Baylor University, USA.
2013-Present Affiliated Member, Global Centre for Evidence-based Corrections and Sentencing, Griffith University, Australia
2012-Present President of the Executive Council, Macau Sociological Association


Special Project Award, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice


Full Curriculum Vitae