Prof. Tong Kwok Kit


Associate Professor


Programme Coordinator of Bachelor of Psychology


Room: E21-3065
Tel: +(853) 8822 8393
E-mail: kktong@um.edu.mo

   


Academic Qualifications

• Ph.D. (The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)
• M.Phil. (The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)
• B. Econ (The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

Research Areas

• Gambling
• Psychological Well-being
• Procedural Fairness
• Social Psychology
• Industrial and Organizational Psychology
• Quantitative Methods

Research

Current research

• Responsible Gambling
• Disorder Gambling

Selected Publications

Refereed Periodical Publications (*joint-authored with students ^equal contributors)

  • • Zhang, M. X., Yang, H., Tong, K. K., & Wu, A. M. S. (in press). The prospective effect of purpose in life on gambling disorder and psychological flourishing among university students. Journal of Behavioral Addictions. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.2020.00046

    Tong, K. K. ^, Chen, J. H. ^, Yu, E. W. Y., Wu, A. M. S. (in press). Adherence to COVID-19 precautionary measures: Applying the Health Belief Model and generalized social beliefs to a probability community sample. Applied Psychology-Health & Wellbeing. https://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12230

    • Chen J. H.*, Li Y., Wu A. M. S. , Tong, K. K#. (in press). The overlooked minority: Mental Health of International students worldwide under the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond, Asian Journal of Psychiatry, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102333

    • Li, Y.^, Tong, K. K.^, Tao, V. Y. K., Zhang, M. X., & Wu, A. M. S. (in press). Testing the Associations among Social Axioms, School Belonging, and Flourishing in University Students: A Two-Year Longitudinal Study. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. doi:10.1111/aphw.12205

    Tong, K. K., Chen, J. H., & Wu, A. M. S. (2020). Validation and Application of the Positive Play Scale Adapted for Chinese Gamblers: Its Relation to Disordered Gambling and Gambling Attitudes. Frontiers in Psychology, 11(263). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00263

• Chen, J. H., Zhang, M. X., Ko, C.-H., Tong, K. K., Yu, S. M., Sou, E. K. L., & Wu, A. M. S. (2020). The Development of a Screening Tool for Chinese Disordered Gamers: The Chinese Internet Gaming Disorder Checklist (C-IGDC). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(10), 3412. Retrieved from https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/10/3412


  • Tong, K. K., Chen J. H.*, Wu, A. M. S. (2019). Application of Health Belief Model to Practice of Responsible Gambling. Journal of Gambling Studiesdoi.org/10.1007/s10899-019-09871-y

  • • Chen, J. H.*, Tong, K. K., Wu, A. M. S., Lau, J. T. F., & Zhang, M. X. (2018). The comorbidity of gambling disorder among Macau adult residents and the moderating role of resilience and life purpose. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(12). pp. E2774-E2774. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122774


  • Tong, K. K., Hung, P. W., Lei, C. M. W., Wu, A. M. S. (2018). Public awareness and practice of responsible gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 34(4), 1261-1280doi.org/10.1007/s10899-018-9750-6

  • • Zhang, M. X., Mou, N. L., Tong, K. K., & Wu, A. M. S. (2018). Investigation of the effects of purpose in life, grit, gratitude, and school belonging on mental distress among emerging adults in Macao. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(10). pp. 2147-2158. 10.3390/ijerph15102147


  • • Wu, A. M. S., Chen, Juliet Honglei*, Tong, K. K., Yu, Shu, Lau, Joseph, T. F. (2018). Prevalence and associated factors of Internet gaming disorder among community dwelling adults in Macao, China. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7(1), 1-8. doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.12


  • Tong, K. K.^ & Wang, Y. Y.^*. (2017). Validation of the Flourishing Scale and Scale of Positive and Negative Experience in a Chinese Community Sample. PlosOne 12(8): e0181616. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181616 [Download the Chinese version of Questionnaire / 下載心盛量表 – 中文版]

  • • Wang, Y. Y.*, Tong, K. K., Wu, A. M. S., Yu S.* (2016). Validation of the Revised Inventory of Gambling Motives, Attitudes, and Behaviours Among Chinese University Students. Journal of Gambling and Commercial Gaming Research, 1, 53-67. [full text] [Download Citation]


  • • Wu, A. M. S., Lai, H. C., Tong, K. K. (2015). Internet Gambling among Community Adults and University Students in Macao. Journal of Gambling Studies, 31(3), 643-657. doi.org/10.1007/s10899-014-9451-8


  • • Chen, Juliet H.*, Wu, A. M. S. Tong, K. K. (2015). Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the Inventory of Gambling Motives, Attitudes, and Behaviors among Chinese Adolescents. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 13, 1557-1874. doi.org/10.1007/s11469-014-9536-8

  • • Lai, M. H. C., Wu, A. M. S., & Tong, Kwok-kit (2015). Validation of the Gambling Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Chinese. Journal of Gambling Studies, 31, 243-256. doi.org/10.1007/s10899-013-9412-7

  • • Wu, A. M. S., Lai, M. H. C., & Tong, Kwok-kit (2014). Gambling disorder: Estimated prevalence rates and risk factors in Macao. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 28(4), 1190-1197. doi.org/10.1037/a0037603

  • • Wu, A. M. S., Lai, H. C., Tong, K. K., Tao, V. Y. K. (2013). Chinese Attitudes, Norms, Behavioral Control and Gambling Involvement in Macao. Journal of Gambling Studies, 29, 749-764. doi.org/10.1007/s10899-012-9344-7 [Manual of GMAB]  


  • • Wu, A. M. S., Tao, V. Y. K., Tong, K. K. & Cheung, S. F., (2012). Psychometric Evaluation of the Inventory of Gambling Motives, Attitudes and Behaviours (GMAB) among Chinese Gamblers. International Gambling Studies, 12, 331-347. doi.org/10.1080/14459795.2012.678273


  • Tong, K. K., Hung, P. W., & Yuen, S. M. (2011). The Quality of Social Networks: Its Determinants and Impacts on Helping and Volunteering in Macao. Social Indicators Research, 102, 351-361. doi.org/10.1007/s11205-010-9686-4 [Download Citation]


  • • Tao, V. Y. K., Wu, A. M. S., Cheung, S. F., & Tong, K. K. (2011). Development of an indigenous inventory GMAB (Gambling Motives, Attitudes and Behaviours) for Chinese gamblers: An exploratory study. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27, 99-113. doi.org/10.1007/s10899-010-9191-3


  • Tong, Kwok-kit & Yuen, Sze-man (2008). Quality of Life in Macao: Who is happy and satisfy. Journal of Psychology in Chinese Societies, 9, 29-47. [full text] [Download Citation]


  • • Leung, K., Tong, K. K., & Lind, E. A. (2007). Realpolitik versus Fair Process: Moderating Effects of Group Identification on Acceptance of Political Decisions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 476-489. doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.92.3.476


  • • Leung, K., Tong, K.K., & Ho, S. S. Y. (2004). Effects of Interactional Justice on Egocentric Bias in Resource Allocation Decisions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 405-415. doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.400440


  • • Bond, M. H., Leung, K., Au, A., Tong, K. K., de Carrasquel S. R., Murakami F, et al. (2004). Culture-level dimensions of social axioms and their correlates across 41 cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35, 548-570. doi.org/10.1177/0022022104268388


  • • Bond M. H., Leung, K., Au A., Tong, K. K., & Chemonges-Nielson, Z. (2004). Combining Social Axioms with Values in Predicting Social Behaviors. European Journal of Personality, 18, 177-191. doi.org/10.1002/per.509


  • Tong K. K. & Leung, K. (2002). Tournament as a motivational strategy: Extension to dynamic situations with uncertain duration. Journal of Economic Psychology, 23, 399-420. doi.org/10.1016/S0167-4870(02)00083-1


*UM Student

 Selected Book Chapters

  • Tong, K. K., Yuen, S. M. & Yu, S.* (2014). Youth Problems (pp.247-266). In Fanny Cheung, S. L.Wong, P. S. Wan and Victor Cheng (Eds.). Constructing the Future of Macao. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies The Chinese University of Hong Kong. [in Chinese]


  • • Wu, M. S. & Tong, K. K. (2014). Gambling Participation (pp.61-81). In Fanny Cheung, S. L.Wong, P. S. Wan and Victor Cheng (Eds.). Constructing the Future of Macao. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies The Chinese University of Hong Kong. [in Chinese]


  • Tong, K. K. & Yuen, S. M. (2011). Heath: Trend in Macao. In Fanny Cheung, S. L.Wong, P. S. Wan and Victor Cheng (Eds.). The New Faces of Macao: Ten Years of Development and Change. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies The Chinese University of Hong Kong. [in Chinese]


  • • Lai, M. H. C.* & Tong, K. K. (2011). Media usage and evaluation. In Fanny Cheung, S. L.Wong, P. S. Wan and Victor Cheng (Eds.). The New Faces of Macao: Ten Years of Development and Change. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies The Chinese University of Hong Kong. [in Chinese]


  • • Leung, K. & Tong, K. K. (2004). Justice across cultures: A three-stage model for intercultural negotiation. In Michele J. Gelfand & Jeanne M. Brett (Eds.), The Handbook of Negotiation and Culture. California: Stanford University Press.


  • • Leung, K. & Tong, K. K. (2003). Toward a normative model of justice. In Stephen W. Gilliland, Dirk D. Steiner, & Daniel .P. Skarlicki (Eds.) Emerging Perspectives on Values in Organizations. (Research in Social Issues in Management Series, Vol. 3). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Pub.


  • • Hayward, W. G., & Tong, K. K. (2001). The influence on language proficiency on web site usage with bilinguals users. In M. J. Smith, G. Salvendy, D. Harris, & R. J. Koubek (Eds.), Usability Evaluation and Interface Design: Cognitive Engineering, Intelligent Agents and Virtual Reality. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


*UM Student

 Selected Conference Presentation

  • • Yu, M. S.*, Wu, A. M. S., Tong, K. K., Tao, V. Y. K., & Chen, J. H.* (2015, May). Gambling motives, attitudes, behaviors, and disorder among Chinese people. Paper presented in the 4th Asian Pacific Problem Gambling and Addictions Conference, Hong Kong, China.


  • • Wu, A. M. S., Lai, M. H. C., & Tong, K. K. (2015, April). Gambling refusal self-efficacy, attitude, injunctive norm and youth gambling in Macao. Paper presented in The Third Asia Pacific Conference on Gambling & Commercial Gaming Research, Beijing, China.


  • • Yu, S.,* Wang, Y. Y.*, Tong, K. K., & Wu, A. M. S. (2015, April). Psychometric properties of the Inventory of Gambling Motives, Attitudes and Behaviors among Chinese university students. Paper presented in The Third Asia Pacific Conference on Gambling & Commercial Gaming Research, Beijing, China.


  • • Wu, A. M. S., Lai, M. H. C., & Tong, Kwok-kit (2014, February). Internet gambling: Participation and addiction in Macao. Paper presented in the 5th International Gambling Conference (IGC2014). Auckland, New Zealand.


  • • Chen, J. H.* & Tong, K. K. (12/2013). Hate me but love my dog: Dealer alienation and stereotyped self-prophecy drive casino dealers to pathological gambling. The Second Asia Pacific Conference on Gambling & Commercial Gaming Research (APCG2013). Kaohsiung.


  • • Wu, A. M. S., Lai, M. H. C., & Tong, K. K. (12/2013). Prevalence of Gambling Involvement and Gambling Disorder in Macao. The Second Asia Pacific Conference on Gambling & Commercial Gaming Research (APCG2013). Kaohsiung.


  • • Wu, A. M. S., Lai, M. H. C., Tong, K. K., & Tao, Y. K. (07/2013). Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior on Gambling Involvement among Chinese people. The 13th European Congress of Psychology (ECP 2013). Stockholm.


Courses Taught

• Introduction to Psychology (PSYB111)
• Introduction to Philosophy (CCSD141)
• Social Psychology (CCSD201)
• Quantitative Methods for Social Science I (CCSD291)
• Quantitative Methods for Social Science II (CCSD292)
• Social Sciences Research Methods I (ECMC290)
• Introduction to Psychology I (PSYC101)
• Introduction to Psychology II (PSYC102)
• Personal and Social Competence (PSYC103)
• Basic Statistics for Psychology (PSYC104)
• Social Psychology (PSYC205)
• Consumer Psychology (PSYC301)
• Psychology of Investment (PSYC303)
• Psychology of Tourism And Leisure Activity (PSYC407)
• Social Psychology (SOCY221)