Prof. Robert Joseph Taormina

Emeritus Professor




Academic Qualifications

• Ph.D. (Social Psychology) University of California
• M.A. (Experimental Psychology) California State University
• M.Ed. (Educational Psychology) Boston University
• B.A. (General Psychology) Boston University
• Chartered Psychologist (Organizational Psychology) British Psychological Society
• Psychologist Practicing Certificate, British Psychological Society

Editorial Board

Editorial Board Member, Leadership
Leadership is an international, peer-reviewed SAGE Publications journal based in the UK.

• Editorial Board Member, Advances in Applied Sociology
Published by Scientific Research Publishing, Irvine, California, USA.

Professional Affiliations

• The Academy of Management
• The British Psychological Society

Teaching Areas

• Applied Psychology
• Cross-Cultural Studies
• Leadership
• Management & Organization
• Research Methods

Current Research

• Organizational Socialization
• Social Psychology
• Applied Social Psychology
• Adult Personal Resilience
• Leadership Behavior & Leadership Excellence
• Managerial & Organizational Psychology
• Cross-Cultural Comparisons
• Applied Systems Research

Selected monographs

Taormina, R.J. (2018). Costruire l'economia Italiana: Una proposta per il rinascimento dei comuni Italiani.
Full Text (PDF File)

Selected publications

Taormina, R.J. (2023). Motive, Means, and Opportunity: JFK Assassination Mystery Solved! (2nd Edition). Internet Archive.  [Full Text (PDF File)] 

Taormina, R. J., Gao, J. H., & Kuok, A. C. H. (2022). Measuring specific traditional Chinese values in relation to satisfaction of the five Maslow needs. Psychological Thought, 15(1), 132-164. [Please see the PDF attached]

Taormina, R. J. (2021). The Real Origins of the Universe and Gravity: Mysteries Solved! Generis Publishing, ISBN: 978-1-63902-691-3. Publisher's Webpage / Amazon Book Page

• Taormina, R.J., & Urbano, L.S. (2020). Building the Italian economy: A proposal for the renaissance of the Italian municipalities. Advances in Applied Sociology, 10(8), 299-312. [Full Text (PDF File)] 

Taormina, R.J. (2019). Plato as prophet. Open Journal for Studies in Philosophy, 3(2), 25-36.  [Full Text (PDF File)]

Taormina, R. J. (2019). Helping shy employees with career success: The impact of organizational socialization. Psychological Thought, 12(1), 41-62. [Full Text (PDF File)]

Taormina, R. J. (2018). The Lightning Theory of the Origin of the Universe: With explanations of space, time, and the creation of gravity. Scholar’s Press, ISBN: 978-6202310550. [Amazon Books Page]

Taormina, R.J. (2017). Adherence to Chinese traditional values: Correlates and determinants. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 7(9), 612-617.

• Kuok, A.C., & Taormina, R.J. (2017). Work engagement: Evolution of the concept and a new inventory. Psychological Thought, 10(2), 262-287.

Taormina, R.J., & Shamionov, R.M. (2016). A new measure of traditional values across cultures: China and Russia compared. Psychological Thought, 9(2), 197-221.

Taormina, R.J. (2016). Social and psychological challenges of the 21st Century and beyond. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 6(11), 884-891.

Taormina, R.J. (2015). Adult personal resilience: A new theory, new measure, and practical implications. Psychological Thought, 8(1), 35-46.

Taormina, R.J., & Chong, B.K.H. (2015). Cognitive dissonance among Chinese gamblers: Cultural beliefs versus gambling behavior. Journal of Psychology and the Behavioral Sciences, 1(1), 33-52.

Taormina, R.J., & Sun, R. (2015). Antecedents and outcomes of psychological insecurity and interpersonal trust among Chinese adults. Psychological Thought, 8(2), 173-188.

• Kuok, A.C., & Taormina, R.J. (2015). Conflict between affective versus continuance commitment among casino dealers. Evidence-Based HRM: A Global Forum for Empirical Scholarship, 3(1), 46-63.

Taormina, R.J. (2014). International psychology and scientific psychology: At the crossroads for the future of psychology. International Annual Edition of Applied Psychology: Theory, Research, and Practice. ISSN-Online 2313-4097,

Taormina, R.J., & Gao, J.H. (2014). Make presentations with confidence: The essentials for Asian scholars (让演讲充满自信:亚洲学者必备). Beijing: China National Social Sciences Press & University of Macau (joint publication). [Book] ISBN: 978-7-5161-4125-0.

Taormina, R. (2014) Social harmony in decision making: Costs and benefits in Chinese society. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2(5), 128-134. DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25026.

• Wei, W., & Taormina, R.J. (2014). A new multidimensional measure of personal resilience and its use: Chinese nurse resilience, organizational socialization, and career success. Nursing Inquiry, 21(4), 346-357.

Taormina, R.J., & Gao, J.H. (2013). Maslow and the motivation hierarchy: Measuring satisfaction of the needs. American Journal of Psychology, 126(2), 155-177.

Taormina, R.J., & Ho, I.K.M. (2012). Intimate relationship quality: Predictors across genders for dating, engaged, and married individuals. Journal of Relationships Research, 3(1), 24-43.

Taormina, R.J., Kuok, A.C., & Wei, W. (2012). Social capital as dehumanizing terminology. Advances in Applied Sociology, 2(1), 143-148.

• Chang, K., & Taormina, R.J. (2011). Reduced secondary trauma among Chinese earthquake rescuers: A test of correlates and life indicators. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 16(6), 542-562.

• Wei, W., & Taormina, R.J. (2011). Factors influencing work efficiency in China. Advances in Applied Sociology, 1(1), 56-63.

Taormina, R.J. & Gao, J.H. (2010). A research model for guanxi behavior: Antecedents, measures, and outcomes of Chinese social networking. Social Science Research, 39(6), 1195-1212.

Taormina, R.J. (2010). The art of leadership: An evolutionary perspective. International Journal of Arts Management, 13(1), 41-55.

Taormina, R.J., & Chong, K.Y. (2010). Purchasing counterfeit and legitimate products in China: Social and psychological correlates and predictors. Journal of East-West Business, 16(2), 118-145.

Taormina, R.J. (2009). Social and personality concomitants of gambling attitudes and behavior among Chinese residents in the casino economy of Macau. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 26(8), 1047-1071.

Taormina, R.J., & Kuok, A.C. (2009). Factors related to casino dealer burnout and turnover intention in Macau: Implications for casino management. International Gambling Studies, 9(3), 275-294.

Taormina, R.J. (2009). Organizational socialization: The missing link between employee needs and organizational culture. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24(7), 650-676.

Taormina, R.J. & Gao, J.H. (2009). Identifying acceptable performance appraisal criteria: An international perspective. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 47(1), 102-125.

Taormina, R.J. (2008). Interrelating leadership behaviors, organizational socialization, and organizational culture. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 29(1), 85-102.

Taormina, R.J. & Gao, J.H. (2008). A comparison of work enthusiasm and its antecedents in two Chinese cultures. Journal of Asia Business Studies, 2(2), 13-22.

Taormina, R.J. (2007). Voyages of discovery: Sailing the research ocean to discover new worlds! (Positivist perspectives on educating researchers in psychology). The Psychologist, 20(11), 687.

Taormina, R.J., & Lao, K.M. (2007). Measuring Chinese entrepreneurial motivation: Personality and environmental influences. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 13(4), 200-221.

Taormina, R.J., Gao, J.H., & Lasker, G.E. (Eds.). (2006). The applied psychology of values, ethics, and management in organizations. Ontario, Canada: IIAS. ISBN 1897233701.

Taormina, R.J., & Toraskar, K.V. (2006). The effects of individual differences, perceived distance, and hierarchical status on ethical decision making. In Taormina, R.J., Gao, J.H., & Lasker, G.E. (Eds.), The applied psychology of values, ethics, and management in organizations. Ontario, Canada: IIAS. ISBN 1897233701.

Taormina, R.J. (2006). Cultural differences in psychological reactions to imposed restrictions on individual freedom. Special Symposium on Individual Freedom and Individual Responsibility. 18th International Conference on Systems Research. Baden-Baden, Germany.

Taormina, R.J., & Selvarajah, C. (2005). Perceptions of leadership excellence in ASEAN nations. Leadership, 1(3), 299-322.

• Taormina, R.J., & Gao, J.H. (2005). Effects of organizational socialization on work enthusiasm in two Chinese cultures. 65th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management. Honolulu, USA.

Taormina, R.J. (2005). Developing leadership excellence to meet future challenges. Invited Keynote Address. 2nd International Symposium on Strategic Planning for the Future: Visions and Challenges. Franzensbad, Czech Republic.

Taormina, R.J. (2005). When cultures collide: Antecedents and consequences of unethical behavior across cultures. Special Symposium on Ethics. 17th International Conference on Systems Research. Baden-Baden, Germany.

• Gao, J.H. & Taormina, R.J. (2005). Factors influencing work dedication among Chinese employees. 5th International Symposium on Multinational Business Management and Human Resource Management and Development in a Transitional Economy. Nanjing, China.

Taormina, R.J. (2004). Convergent validation of two measures of organizational socialization. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 15, 76-94.

Taormina, R.J. (2003). Meta-ethics East and West: Ethical decision making across cultures. In I. Smit, & W. Wallach (Eds.), Cognitive, emotive, and ethical aspects of decision-making. Windsor, Canada: IIAS.

Taormina, R.J. (2001). Cultures as systems. In G.E. Lasker (Ed.), Advances in systems research and cybernetics. Windsor, Canada: IIAS.

Taormina, R.J., & Bauer, T.N. (2000). Organizational socialization in contrasting cultures: Results from the United States and Hong Kong. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 8(3), 262-289.

Taormina, R.J., & Law, C.M. (2000). Approaches to preventing burnout: The effects of personal stress management & organizational socialization. Journal of Nursing Management, 8(2), 89-99.

Taormina, R.J. (1998). Employee attitudes toward organizational socialization in the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 34, 468-485.

Taormina, R.J. (1997). Organizational socialization: A multidomain, continuous process model. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 5(1), 29-47.

Taormina, R.J. (1994) The Organizational Socialization Inventory. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 2(3), 133-145.

• Williams, S., & Taormina, R.J. (1992). Group polarization on business decisions in Singapore. Journal of Social Psychology, 132(2), 265-267.

Taormina, R.J., Messick, D., Wilke, H., & Iwawaki, S. (1988). Cross Cultural perspectives on foreign aid deservingness decisions. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 19(4), 387-412.

Taormina, R.J., & Messick, D. (1983). Deservingness for foreign aid: Effects of need, similarity and estimated effectiveness. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 13(5), 371-391.

Courses Taught

• Doctoral Thesis Supervision (DYBA999)
• Leadership in Organizations (IMBB111)
• Graduate Research Methodology (IMBB106)
• Masters Thesis Supervision (IMBB999)
• Business Research (MGMT315)
• Cultural Influences on Management (MGMT407)
• Introduction To Psychology I (PSYC101)
• Introduction To Psychology II (PSYC102)
• Research Method I In Psychology (PSYC201)
• Research Method II In Psychology (PSYC202)
• Organizational Psychology (PSYC302)
• Senior Thesis Research I (PSYC401)
• Senior Thesis Research II (PSYC402)
• Research Thesis I (PSYG798)
• Research Thesis II (PSYG799)
• Applied Social Psychology And Management (PSYC405)