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Prof. Chi Peilian

Department of Psychology

Faculty of Social Sciences (FSS)

Room: Humanities and Social Sciences Building E21-3049
Telephone: +(853) 8822 4025

E-mail: peilianchi@um.edu.mo


Lab Website: https://chihealthlab.wixsite.com/chihealthlab


Academic Qualifications


Family Studies, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong


Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China


Primary Education, Jilin Normal University, Jilin, China

Research Areas
Resilience, Close relationships, Health Psychology, Socioeconomic status, Growth mindset, AIDS care
Professional Affiliations


International Association of Relationship Research


Association for Psychological Science


Asian Association of Social Psychology


*= Post-doc, graduate student, or undergraduate advisee.
‡ = Corresponding author


1. Du, H., Li, X., Chi, P., Zhao, S., & Zhao, J. (in press). Loneliness and self-esteem in children affected by parental HIV: A 3-year longitudinal study. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being.

2. *Wu, Q., ‡Chi, P., Zeng, X., Lin, X., & Du., H. (2018). Roles of anger and rumination in the relationship between self-compassion and forgiveness. Mindfulness. doi:10.1007/s12671-018-0971-7 IF = 3.015

3. *Wu, Q., ‡Chi, P., Lin, X., & Du, H. (2018). Child maltreatment and adult depressive symptoms: Roles of self-compassion and gratitude. Child Abuse & Neglect. 80, 62-69. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.03.013 IF:2.574

4. Du, H., Chi, P. & Li, X. (2018). High HIV prevalence predicts less HIV stigma: A cross-national investigation. AIDS Care.30 (6),714-721. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2017.1401039 IF: 1.824

5. Lin, X., Fang, X., Health, M., Chi, P., Xu, S., & Fang, X. (2018). Multiple levels of family factors and oppositional defiant disorder symptoms among Chinese children. Family Process, 57(1), 195-210. doi: 10.1111/famp.12269 IF: 3.0

6. Du, H, Li, X., Chi, P., Zhao, G., & Zhao, J. (in press). Psychometric properties of the Relational Self-Esteem Scale in a community-based sample in China. European Journal of Psychological Assessment. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000320. IF: 1.973

7. Xue, Y., Xue, Z., Zaroff, C., Chi, P., Du, H., Ungvari, G. S., Chiu, H. F. K., Yang, Y., & Xiang, Y. (2018). Associations of differentiation of self and adult attachment in individuals with anxiety-related disorders. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 54 (1), 54-63. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12200 IF: 1.0

8. Lin, X., Zhang, Y., Chi, P., Ding, W., Health, M. A., Fang, X., & Xu, S. (2017). The Mutual Effect of Marital Quality and Parenting Stress on Child and Parent Depressive Symptoms in Families of Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, 1810. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01810 IF: 2.231

9. Du, H., King, R.B., & Chi, P. (2017). Self-esteem and subjective well-being revisited: The roles of personal, relational, and collective self-esteem. PLoS one. 12(8), e0183958.IF: 2.806

10. Tang, Y., Lin, X., Chi, P., Zhou, Q, & Hou, X. (2017). Multi-level family factors and affective and behavioral symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Chinese children. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, 1123 doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01123 IF: 2.231

11. Harrison, S. E., Li, X., Zhang, J., Chi, P., Zhao, J., & Zhao, G. (2017). Improving school outcomes for children affected by parental HIV/AIDS: Evaluation of the ChildCARE Intervention at 6-, 12-, and 18-months. School Psychology International. 38 (3), 264-286. doi:10.1177/0143034316689589 IF: 1.012

12. Du, H., Li, X., Chi, P., Zhao, J., & Zhao, G. (2017). Meaning in life, resilience, and psychological well-being among children affected by parental HIV. AIDS Care. 29(11), 1410-1416. IF: 1.824

13. Li, X., Harrison, S., Fairchild, A., Chi, P., Zhao, J., & Zhao, G. (2017). A randomized controlled trial of a resilience-based intervention on psychosocial well-being of children affected by HIV/AIDS: Effects at 6- and 12-month follow-up. Social Science & Medicine. 190, 256-264. doi 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.02.007 IF: 2.733.

14. Chi, P., & Li X. (2017). Parental HIV: From psychopathology to resilience. In David Morley, Xiaoming Li, Crispin Jenkinson, (Ed.). Children and Young People’s Response to Parental Illness: A Handbook of Assessment and Practice (pp. 130-152). London, England: CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group.

15. *Chen, L., Chi, P., Zilioli, S., Slatcher, R. B., Li, X., Zhao, G., Zhao, J., & Lin, D. (2017). The effects of trait and state affect on diurnal cortisol slope among children affected by parental HIV/AIDS in rural China. AIDS Care. 29 (8), 1034-1040. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2016.1274015 IF: 2.095

16. Zilioli, S., Slatcher, R. B., Chi, P., Li, X., Zhao, J., & Zhao, G. (2016). The impact of daily and trait Loneliness on diurnal cortisol and sleep among children affected by parental HIV / AID. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 75, 64-71. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.10.012 IF: 4.944

17. Li, L., Lin, X., Chi, P., Heath, M. A., Fang. X., Du, H., & Wang, Z. (2016). Maltreatment and emotional and behavioral problems in Chinese children with and without oppositional defiant disorder: The mediating role of the parent-child relationship. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 31(18), 2915-2939. doi: 10.1177/0886260515624234 IF: 1.210

18 .Zilioli, S., Slatcher, R. B., Chi, P., Li, X., Zhao, J., & Zhao, G. (2016). Childhood adversity, self-esteem, and diurnal cortisol profiles across the life span. Psychological Science, 27(9), 1249-1265.doi: 10.1177/0956797616658287 IF: 4.864

19. Zilioli, S., Slatcher, R. B., Li, X., Chi, P. (2016). Early life adversity and diurnal HPA activity across the lifespan: The role of self-esteem . Psychoneuroendocrinology. 71s, 23. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.07.067 IF: 4.944

20. Lin, X., Fang, X., Chi, P., Health, M. A., Li, X., Chen, W. (2016). Social ecological factors associated with future orientation of children affected by parental HIV/AIDS. Journal of Health Psychology, 21(7), 1404-1414.doi: 10.1177/1359105314554817 IF: 1.826

21. Lin, X., Chi, P., Zhang, L., Zhang, Y., Fang, X., Qiao, S., & Li, X. (2016). Disclosure of HIV serostatus and sexual orientation among HIV-positive men who have sex with men in China. Community Mental Health Journal, 52(4), 457-465. doi: 10.1007/s10597-015-9879-z IF: 1.146

22. Lin, X., Li, L., Chi, P., Wang, Z., Heath, A.M., Du, H., & Fang, X. (2016). Child maltreatment and interpersonal relationship among Chinese children with oppositional defiant disorder. Child Abuse & Neglect, 51, 192-202. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.10.013. IF: 2.574

23. Chi, P., Li, X., Du, H., Tam, C. C., Zhao, G., & Zhao, J. (2016). Does stigmatization wear down resilience? A longitudinal study among children affected by parental HIV. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 159-163. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.001 IF: 1.951

24. Du, H., & Chi, P. (2016). War, worries, and religiousness. Social Psychology and Personality Science. 7(5), 444-451. doi: 10.1177/1948550616644296 IF: 2.561

25. Du, H., Li, X., Chi, P., Zhao, J., & Zhao, G. (2016). Relational self-esteem, psychological well-being, and social support in children affected by HIV. Journal of Health Psychology, 20(12), 1568-1578. doi: 10.1177/1359105313517276 IF: 1.826

26. Chi, P., Li, X., Tam, C. C., Du, H., Zhao, G., & Zhao, J. (2015). Parenting mediates the impact of caregivers' distress on children’s well-being in families affected by HIV/AIDS. AIDS and Behavior, 19(11), 2130-2139. doi: 10.1007/s10461-015-1104-0 IF: 3.312

27. Chi, P., Slatcher, R., Li, X., Ren, X., Zhu, J., Zhao J., Zhao, G., & Stanton, B. (2015). Perceived stigmatization, resilience and diurnal cortisol rhythm among children of parents living with HIV. Psychological Science, 26(6), 843-852. doi:10.1177/0956797615572904 IF: 4.864

28. Slatcher, R. B., Chi, P., Li, X., Ren, X., Zhu, J., Zhao J., Zhao, G., & Stanton, B. (2015). Associations between coping and diurnal cortisol among children affected by parental HIV/AIDS in rural China. Health Psychology, 34(8), 802-810.doi: 10.1037/hea0000169 IF: 3.954

29. Li, X., Chi, P., Sherr, L., Cluver, L., & Stanton, B. (2015). Psychological resilience among children affected by parental HIV/AIDS: A conceptual framework for research and intervention. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, 3(1). 217-235. doi: 10.1080/21642850.2015.1068698

30. Hong, Y., Chi, P., Li, X., Zhao, G., Zhao, J, Stanton, B., & Li, L. (2015). Community-based family-style group homes for children orphaned by AIDS in rural China: an ethnographic investigation. Health Policy and Planning, 30(7), 928-937. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czu093 IF: 3.000

31. Du, H., Li, X., Weinstein, T. L., Chi, P., Zhao, J. & Zhao, G. (2015). Links between mental and behavioral health among children affected by HIV/AIDS and teachers’ assessments of children. AIDS Care. 27(7), 876-884. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1009360 IF: 2.194

32. Lin, X., Fang, X., Chi, P., Li, X., Chen, W., & Heath, M. A. (2014). Grief-processing-based psychological intervention for children orphaned by AIDS in central China: A pilot study. School Psychology International. 35(6), 609-626. doi: 10.1177/0143034314535617 IF: 0.587

33. Zhao, J., Chi, P., Li, X., Tam, C. C., & Zhao, G. (2014). Extracurricular interests as a resilience building block for children affected by HIV/AIDS. AIDS Care. 26(6), 758-762. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2013.845290 IF: 1.834

34. *Han, T., Li, X., Chi, P., Zhao, J. & Zhao, G. (2014). The impact of parental HIV/AIDS on children’s cognitive ability in rural China. AIDS Care. 26(6), 723-730. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2013.855298 IF: 1.834

35. Chi, P., Li, X., Zhao, J., & Zhao, G. (2014). Vicious circle of perceived stigma, enacted stigma and depressive symptom among children affected by HIV/AIDS. AIDS and Behavior. 18(6), 1054-1062. doi: 10.1007/s10461-013-0649-z IF: 3.312

36. Chi, P., Li, X., Barnett, D., Zhao, J., & Zhao, G. (2014). Do children orphaned by AIDS experience distress over time? A latent growth curve analysis of depressive symptoms. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 19(4), 420-432. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2013.841965. IF: 1.375

37. Chi, P., Epstein, N. B., Fang, X., Lam, D. O. B., & Li, X. (2013). Similarity of relationship standards, couple communication patterns, and marital satisfaction among Chinese couples. Journal of Family Psychology . 27(5), 806-816. doi: 10.1037/a0034113 IF: 1.577

38. Chi, P., & Li, X. (2013). Impact of parental HIV/AIDS on children’s psychological well-being: A systematic review of global literature. AIDS and Behavior, 17 (7), 2554-2574. doi:10.1007/s10461-012-0290-2 IF: 3.312

39. Du, H., King, R.B., & Chi, P. (2012). The development and validation of the Relational Self-Esteem Scale. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 53(3), 258–264. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2012.00946.x IF: 1.147

40. Zhang, H., Tsang, S. K. M., Chi, P., Cheung, Y. T., Yip, P. S. F., & Zhang, X. (2012). Wives’ relative income and marital satisfaction among urban Chinese population: Exploring some moderating effect. Journal of Comparative Family Studies. 43(2), 185-199. IF: 0.284

41. Zhang, H., Yip, P. S. F., Chi, P., Kinsun Chan, Cheung, Y. T., & Zhang, X. (2012). Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Work-Family Balance Scale in an urban Chinese sample. Social Indicators Research. 105(3), 409-418. doi: 10.1007/s11205-010-9776-3 IF: 1.452

42. Chi, P., Tsang, S. K. M., Chan, K. S., Xiang, X., Yip, P. S. F., Cheung, Y. T., & Zhang, X. (2011). Marital satisfaction of Chinese under stress: Moderating effects of personal control and social support. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 14(1), 15-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-839X.2010.01322.x IF: 0.466

43. Ju. X., Fang, X., Tai, L. K., & Chi, P. (2012). Couple communication patterns and marital satisfaction in Macau and Northeast China. Studies of Psychology and Behavior. 10(2), 131-137. [In Chinese]

44. Chi, P., Lam, D. O. B., & Du, H. (2011). Mental health following partner’s extramarital involvement: The role of decisional forgiveness and emotional forgiveness. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19(3), 331-334. [In Chinese]

45. Liu, Q., Fang, X., & Chi, P. (2009). Couple relationship standards’ characteristics and development. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 17(4), 491-494. [In Chinese]

46. Wan, J., Fang, X., Li, Y., & Chi, P. (2008). The relationship between the subjective-objective parental monitoring and the peer interaction of the adolescents. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 22(1), 20-23. [In Chinese]